Human Ecology Review
The forthcoming issue of Human Ecology Review (vol 21: 2) has a review of Pope Benedict XVI book Towards a Human Ecology by Robin vanTine.
Is Emeritus Pope Benedict XVI a Human Ecologist?
In this collect ion of religious writings, sermons, talks, letters and encyclicals collected and edited by Maria Morciano, Emeritus Pope Benedict XVI lays out a vision of a sacred human ecology which aligns very well with many if not most of the tenets of academic human ecology. He has been called, “The Green Pope”, and the writings in this book substantiate that moniker. The Catholic Church is well known for its stand and work for social justice, and it appears that social justice, equity and environmental sustainability are woven together by Pope Benedict, in this work. Of particular interest is Benedict’s (and John Paul II’s) use of the term “human ecology” to stand for the inclusion of humans and their communities, institutions and civilizations when considering ecological, environmental and sustainability issues.
What is the meaning of cybernetics can you give me an answer in relation to human ecology.
Cybernetics is the interdisciplinary study of the structure of complex systems, especially communication processes, control mechanisms and feedback principles. Cybernetics is closely related to control theory and systems theory, but both in its origins and in its evolution in the second-half of the 20th century, cybernetics is equally applicable to social (that is, language-based) systems.
Cybernetics is always and only involved when the system under scrutiny is involved in a closed loop, where action by the system in an environment causes some change in the environment AND that change…